Introduction In our country, chickens lay 60-65 eggs a year almost free of cost in a rural family environment in a completely abandoned-feeding system. These hens hatch at the end of each laying of eggs (12-14) and raise the chicks under their own care. Their eggs weigh 40-45 grams and are relatively resistant to disease. On the other hand, more foreign laying hens lay about 320 eggs a year and the average weight of each egg is 56 grams. It goes without saying that these chickens do not have a tendency to curl, but the disease resistance in our country’s climate is very low. Considering these realities, in the hope of getting more (150-160) eggs weighing more than the domestic eggs, the Department of Livestock of our country has introduced medium weight light golden colored chickens by crossbreeding RIR breed chickens and Faumi breed chickens. These hens are now known as “golden hens”. The management system of rearing golden hens and laying hens is very similar to that of foreign hens. In addition, in an attempt to give a technical idea of keeping golden chickens at the farm level or in general, the question and answer session titled “Golden breed chickens” has been highlighted: 1. Is there any specific breed of chicken in Bangladesh? • There is no specific chicken breed of improved breed in Bangladesh. 2. How many eggs does a chicken in Bangladesh usually lay in a year? Domestic hens lay 50-60 eggs a year. 3. What are the qualities of native chicken? • Eggs and meat are relatively tasty, have high immunity and are convenient for raising babies. 4. Is there any deficiency in the nutritional value of native chicken eggs and meat? • No, native chicken eggs and meat are low in fat and have adequate amounts of other nutrients. 5. How much can a six- to seven-week-old native rooster weigh? • Only 200-300 grams. . Why do ordinary consumers of the country not like foreign eggs and meat a lot of the time? Indigenous chicken eggs and meat are more delicious. . Is there any problem for the farmers because of this? • Problems often arise and in this case farmers are interested in rearing domestic chickens close to or some weather-friendly improved breeds of chickens. . What could be the problem in importing foreign children? • Diseased and weak children can spread the disease in the country and physical growth and egg production are not as expected. 9. Has it been possible to create a complementary or similar breed of native chicken breed? • In 1968, a senior official of the Livestock Department, the late Abdul Jalil Amber Sonali, invented a breed of chicken. 10. How and where was the golden hen first invented? সরকারি In the Government Central Poultry Farm in Mirpur, Dhaka, golden breed chickens have been created by cross-breeding Egyptian Fuumi breed chickens with egg-laying RIR (Road Island Red) breed chickens. 11. What are the benefits of keeping golden breed chickens? • Golden breed chickens can be reared, laying 125-130 eggs per year, body weight is about 1.5 kg, each egg weighs about 50 grams which is similar to native chicken eggs. 12. Where are the IR and Faiumi breed chickens found as parents-stock for making golden chickens? Golden chicken breeds are kept in Mirpur Government Central Poultry Farm and one or two private farms and they are bred. 13. Can a one-day-old golden chicken be fed? ভূ Corn, wheat or chalbhanga can be sprinkled on the bed inside the brooder or tapadhar for the first 2-3 days. 14. What else to do during or before food delivery? Saline water, vitamin premix and vitamin-C should be given 3-4 times a day. 15. What is the diet of golden chicken? খাদ্য Similar food to chickens of all ages from other commercial farms made in all domestic food items can be provided. 16. What to do for disease prevention? In addition to the collection and rearing of disease-free children, all measures for life safety should be taken and proper vaccination should be provided. 16. What to do before taking the baby home?
১ Antibiotics like Renakuin, Cosumix-Plus or Renamycin should be given for the first 2-3 days as 1 gram per liter of water. 16. What vaccines and drugs should be applied to keep the disease free? • Vaccines and antioxidants should be given against BCRDB, RDV and Gumboro diseases. Booster dose should be given according to the doctor’s instructions. 19. When is the golden chicken to be dewormed? দিনে On the 35-36th day of birth of golden hens, it is better to feed pipergin-citrate deworming. A full-time doctor should be consulted. 20. What can be the arrangement of the golden chicken house? • Similar measures should be taken to manage other laying hens. 21. How much food will it take for each baby for two months? • About 1.75 kg. 22. How much can a golden chicken weigh? • About 600-700 grams. 23. Approximately how much money can be gained from 1000 golden hens by keeping them for two months? • The profit can be around Rs. 60,000.00. 24. The profit of the golden chicken farm depends on what? On baby receipt, food price, mortality rate, baby’s physical growth and market demand. 25. What is the benefit of golden layer chicken? Thirty-five to forty chickens can earn about Rs. 4,500.00 per month. 26. What to do for the introduction of the golden chicken? • It is necessary to promote the quality of golden chicken from government / non-government organizations and conduct research activities. x
Rules for keeping golden hens: –
Place Management: –
How much space you usually keep per hen in golden hens will depend on how long you keep the hens or how much weight you keep in the house.
Sonali is usually celebrated with 60 days in mind. Sometimes the weight does not come to the desired level or the market price is low, so the chicken has to be kept in the farm for more than 60 days.
Now let’s come to the main point. Normal 0.650-0.950 square feet of space per hen is to be provided. Also, if bamboo is tied to the poles inside the house, 200-300 chickens or more chickens can be reared depending on the location of the house.
Usually everyone raises too many chickens on the farm compared to the place. In particular, keep in mind that keeping more chickens in a house can increase the mortality rate of chickens due to viral diseases. In Ranikhet and Gumboro diseases in particular, the mortality rate is much higher due to the high concentration of chickens.
Another consequence of excessive chicken density is that chickens are more susceptible to colds. This is because the gas stored in the house or the air coming from outside cannot move properly inside the house. That is why the problem of cold and headache is more common.
In the case of golden hens, if there are more chickens than in the house, the number of stalks increases a lot.
So it is always better to have less chicken and more cotton than the house space. However, a little more babies can be raised in the winter.
First of all, it is better not to follow the medicine program in keeping chickens. Because if you are healthy, you cannot be forced to take medicine or you cannot take medicine yourself. The same is true of chickens. As healthy as you are, you will be healthier, you will be able to reduce the cost of medicine by 70% if you have a living environment and farm environment, clean drinking water and germ free. The rest will help you with your skills, hard work and patience.
Whether it is golden or broiler, give salt water 5 feet away from the floor of the house and next to the farm. 500 grams per 100 liters of water. After drying, apply 1 kg of lime per 1000 sq. Ft. Of soil. After drying it, spray everything in the house with any good disinfectant.
Get the water tested. The amount of bacteria or the amount of iron. Therefore, it is very important to test the pH of the water. Later he will purify the water accordingly.
One of the things is to reduce costs and increase dividends.
Brooding Management: –
It is to be done from three hours after the arrival of the baby to the first 24 hours after arrival
All the necessary items of the brooder such as litter paper, chickguard, water, hover, food container should be placed in the appropriate place three hours in advance.
Turn on the hover light two to three hours in advance and check the thermometer readings after one hour.
Half an hour before the baby arrives you can spray lightly on the paper around and inside the brooder with a water soluble probiotic
Water containers and food containers should be placed in the appropriate place 10 minutes before the arrival of the baby.
After the baby arrives, leave the baby’s box in the shed for a while for about 10 minutes
Then weigh each box with the baby and write it down in the notebook. If you subtract the weight of the next empty box with the box number, you will get the weight of one day old baby.
Then leave the baby in each brooder and monitor the baby’s condition (vaccinate one by one if you want to be vaccinated)
If the baby is weak, separate it, and feed it with boiled glucose water.
If the baby is strong, give only sterile white water for the first two hours. If the child is weak, give glucose water.
Give food 10 minutes after the baby arrives. In this case, only sprinkle it on the paper for the first time and from then on, you must give food in the tray.
Examine at least 10% of the baby’s food sacs after one hour and see if there are light soft foods and water pulp. Apply the sole of the baby’s feet to your face to see if the yolk is warm. If so, understand that the child’s brooding is appropriate.
After two hours, if you want, you can give glucose water, even if you give white water (but you have to be sterile), this will continue for the next 22 hours.
The child’s condition should be monitored for 3 consecutive hours to see if the heat is too high. If there is any problem, it should be solved and if the child is dead, it should be removed. When the drinking water is finished, drinking water should be given. If the paper gets wet, you have to change it.
After 24 hours, remove the paper completely. Lower the screen and let the gas out.
Sonali Chicken Food Chess: –
Many of us think that golden chickens need to be fed all the time like broiler chickens. But this is a misconception. It is important to keep in mind that the conversion rate of broiler chickens is not the same as that of golden chickens. The more broiler chickens you eat, the more weight you will gain, while golden chickens will not get much food.
This is why golden hens cannot be given Add libidum (as much as they eat / all day).
Now let’s talk about how to feed.
In the case of golden chickens, the average weight of 800 grams is calculated by calculating the golden feed as 40 bags per 1000 chickens. But “golden food” can sometimes take 2 bags or 3 bags more. Again, if it is very good, it may take less than 2 bags or 3 bags.
If the golden hen is fed broiler feed, the average weight of 600 g is calculated in a maximum of 34-35 bags of feed per 1000 chickens. In this case also the addition or subtraction of 2 to 3 bags can be taken as before.